Thursday, April 19, 2012

"La era del carisma". Hamlet Lavastida comenta...

"La era del carisma" está cerca de finalizar su plazo. Apoya este interesante proyecto de Hamlet Lavastida.

Hoy reproducimos algunos textos de Hamlet sobre el sustento cultural del proyecto...

"The bipolarity of charisma"

Aquí les presento un proyecto que vengo trabajando desde 2007 y tiene una continuidad bastante extensa, estos nuevos dos videos que formaran parte de la serie “la era del carisma” pretende acercarse a cierto imaginario visual ensayado por el socialismo cubano en sus dos décadas mas oscuras 60 y 70, donde claros síntomas "del stalinismo" o "brezhniavnismo" inundaron el panorama nacional con una serie de formas y conceptos que afectaron la manera de construir la estética, la literatura y hasta el mismísimo cine, y que hasta en muchos de los casos afecto la manera en que el individuo cubano trato de explicarse el mundo bipolarizado de ese momento.

Hoy en día esa bipolaridad todavía pervive, ese "hombre nuevo" y "ese hombre viejo" todavía luchan entre si dentro de ese antagonismo ideo-estético llamado "socialismo cubano".

Here I present a project that I've been working since 2007. Those video are the continuity that were part of the series "La era del carisma". The intention is to approach to a certain visual iconography of “Cuban socialism” in the decades of 60 and 70, at this time clear signs "of Stalinism" or "Brezhnianism" emerged into the national and political scene with a series of “forms” and concepts that affect the way of make literature, films and also think and establish the national aesthetics conceptions, even in many cases affected the way that Cuban individual trying to explain himself the bipolarized world of that time.
Today that bipolarity still survives; this "new man" and "old man" still fight each other within this ideological antagonism aesthetic called "Cuban socialism."

Diversionismo ideológico

At the end of the decade 1960’s emerged in Cuba a very specific term, Diversionismo ideologico, (ideological diversionism).This term was used by the government and some dogmatists old communist leaders as kind of “description”of those individuals that “trying to represent himself as a Marxist but in the background they carried the seed of bourgeois ideas and capitalist conceptions, undercover as Marxism-leninism, they try to present his ideas, as a new view of left theories”. But the most interesting aspect is “the aesthetic dimension”around this concept, because in many of the conference and articles by Raul Castro, Gaspar Garcia Gallo, José Antonio Portuondo and also the Communist Cuban Party Thesis and Resolution in 1976, where there is an explicit emphasis in shape a cultural and aesthetic panorama that confront the “diversionist ideas”. To have an idea, at this time and even late in early in the 1980’s dressing as “hippie fashion”, have a long hair, or even hear The Beatles was a "diversionist behavior" that put an individual in risk to go to jail or been qualified as counterrevolutionary.

"Anti-intellectualism and collectivism"

In 1971 in the darkest period of Stalinization in Cuba's cultural life when the expressed will of the government was to persecute artists and intellectuals for their supposed counterrevolutionary activities, The Congress of Education and Culture (April 23 of 1971) marked the path of the so called “cultural policies of the Cuban revolution”. At this time the state had the total control of all the cultural institutions in Cuba, a few institutions as the Consejo National de Cultura (CNC), la Union Nacional de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba (UNEAC), Casa de las Americas and Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematograficas (ICAIC), and also the state political police, Departamento de Seguridad del Estado (DSE). The most polemic episode was in March of 1971 when the poet Heberto Padilla was detained and later self-proclaimed being a counterrevolutionary. But it was in the Congress of Education and Culture when the explicit will of Fidel Castro determinated very clearly the difference between what kinds of artistic expression would be able to be represented.

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